Pope Francis prays at the tomb of St. Dominic at the Cathedral of St. Peter in Bologna, Italy, in this Oct. 1, 2017, file photo.
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In the year of our Lord 2021-2022 the Order of Preachers, together with all the members of the Dominican Family, shall commemorate the 800th Jubilee of the birth to eternal life DEIS NATALIS of our Father St. Dominic de Caleruega. The following dates are highpoint of the celebration.
January 6 Opening of the Jubilee Year
May 24 Translation of St. Dominic
August 4 Solemnity of St. Dominic
January 6, 2022 Closing of the Jubilee Year
AT THE TABLE WITH SAN DOMENICO
The theme of the celebration of the Jubilee is A table with St. Dominic , which is inspired by the table of Mascarella, the table on which the first portrait of St. Dominic was painted shortly after his canonization. In this way we will celebrate St. Dominic not only as a saint on a pedestal , but as a saint enjoying the communion of a meal with his brothers , gathered by the same vocation to preach the Word of God and to share food and drink , a gift from God. The celebration of our Jubilee invites us to reflect on these questions:
Br. Gerard Francisco Timoner III, OP
Master of the Order
(hic et nunc )
道明會總會長 Fray Gerard Francisco Timoner III, OP
The Mascarella Table
The "Tavola della Mascarella" is so called because it has always been kept in the Bolognese Church of Santa Maria della Mascarella, which was the first place where Saint Dominic and his companions lived for a few months, who arrived in Bologna in the winter of 1218. The table it was painted in tempera on a panel of 43 × 572 cm, shortly after the canonization of Domenico (July 1234) and, according to our current knowledge, it is the oldest representation of the Saint and his friars.
It was painted by a master from Northern Italy around the years 1235-1240. It depicts in the center, St. Dominic with a halo, flanked by a succession of niches with pairs of preaching friars (24: 12 + 12), all seated at the table full of bread. The friars, in the depiction of the faces made by the anonymous painter, seem to come from various parts of Europe: perhaps the painter will have seen them on the occasion of a General Chapter (at that time the General Chapters of the Order were held alternately in Bologna and Paris).
The meaning of the painting is inspired by what is stated in the Prologue of the Legend by Pietro Ferrandi (inspired by the Bull of canonization of the Saint): "Once upon a time God, inviting his elect to an eternal banquet in various places and in many ways, in the last days , or in the eleventh hour, he sent his servant to tell the guests that they would arrive, since everything was ready by now. In the interpretation of St. Gregory the Great, this servant is an Order of preachers, which must be sent, in the last times, to warn the souls of men of the imminent advent of the Judge. Scripture, in fact, foretold that there would be a new Order of preachers, and made it clear that it should be sent to the end of the world, stating, "He sent his servant at supper time." Dinner time is the end of the world, we are the ones for whom the end times have come. A new Order was therefore sent at supper time, that is, in the last days. [...] These are the Preachers: divine Providence has foreseen their Order for the dangers of these last times, so that, while the judgment of the one for whom, in humiliation, the judgment has been denied, approaches, the number of witnesses increase ". We are therefore at the oldest image of what was at the time of the canonization of St. Dominic the self-understanding of one's mission within the Church.
Br. Gianni Festa, OP
之所以被稱為"Tavola della Mascarella"是因為這幅畫一直被存放在巴隆納城的聖馬利亞-馬斯卡聖堂裡面，聖道明和他的同伴們主曆1218年冬天到巴隆納城的時候，初期住在這聖堂裡一段日子。這幅畫是用蛋彩畫方式畫在一個43 × 572公分大的面板上，主曆1234年暑假聖道明剛剛祝聖成為聖人之列時完成的。就我們現在所知道的，這是聖人和他兄弟會士的最古老代表物。
這幅畫是北義大利的一位藝術畫家在1235-1240年完成的 在畫的中央，聖道明頭頂著光環，兩側排排坐著成對的承繼宣道使命的會士們(24: 12 + 12)，大家都圍坐在桌旁，桌上擺滿了麵包。匿名繪圖畫家將這些會士們的臉龐表述著似乎來自歐洲的許多地方，也許畫家在全修會總代表大會會議中有看過他們 (當時的全修會總代表大會輪流在巴隆納或巴黎舉辦)。
這幅畫是因為伯鐸費南迪Pietro Ferrandi 寫的『傳說』前言(聖人列入聖品詔書所啟示)裡所啟發而來的。「很久很久以前，天主在最後的日子邀請祂揀選的人來到預備好的永福盛宴來享用聖餐，他們來自不同的地方、因著不同的理由來到這裡。或在最後時刻，祂告訴祂的僕人們叫這些客人快來到，因為所有的盛宴都已經準備好了。大聖額我略教宗解釋說，這些僕人就是道明會的會士們，在世界最終時刻，被派遣去警告人們迫在眉梢的世界最終審判即將來臨。聖經，在事實上，預言會有一個新的宣道傳教修會，也說得很清楚，他們應該被派遣到世界各地，說道 : 他(聖道明)在晚餐時間派遣他的僕人去。 晚餐代表著世界的最終時刻，我們就是面臨最終時刻的人們。因此道明會總是在晚餐時派遣會士去宣道，也就是代表世界最終時刻。[...]